What are the 5 basic elements of landscape design?

The perfect balance of these design features draws the eye and brings harmony to a space. Color is probably the easiest to understand of the five basic concepts. Some colors go better together than others, and our eye can tell the difference. However, it's more than just art, there's also a bit of science.

If you want to understand what colors go well together, take a look at this basic color wheel. The colors at opposite ends of the wheel are called “complementary colors”. It means they go well together. We have blue combined with orange, red and green, and purple with yellow.

If you want to add a splash of color to your landscape but don't know where to start, this color wheel can help you get started. That focal point could be a fountain, a sitting area, an interesting tree, or anything else. Part of what makes it a focal point is that it is different (in color, scale, texture, etc. Are you starting to see how these elements relate to each other?).

But part of this is how you suggest to the eye that it's a focal point. It can have lines of shrubs that lead directly to it, or surround it with an especially bright splash of color. No matter what path you take, a focal point is an important part of landscape design, and color and lines are two tools that help you emphasize it. Form in landscaping refers to the shape that a particular plant takes.

Not all trees are the same, obviously. Some have branches that reach the sky; others lean down. Some are short and stubby, others tall and narrow. Varying the shape of the plants in your landscape is a great way to add interest to your garden: using exactly the same shape on all your plants is a guaranteed entrance to the city for sleep.

Last but not least, texture refers to the pattern that a plant created when viewed from a distance. Does the plant have large or small leaves? Are the edges straight or jagged? How many leaves does each branch have? All of these things play an important role in defining the texture of a plant. Like the shape, varying the texture of the plants in your garden is a great way to add more visual interest. This design element creates shapes, establishes dominance, and controls eye and body movement.

Landscape designers use lines to create an infinite variety of shapes and patterns, or manipulate perceived depth and distance to develop spaces with cohesive themes. In landscapes, lines are created by edges between materials, contours or silhouettes of a shape, or linear features. Bed lines, hard landscape lines, path lines, grass lines, and fence lines are excellent examples of this element in operation. This design element refers to the three-dimensional space that inhabits a shape.

Structures, plants and gardens represent formal and informal shapes, such as circles, squares, or organic borders, but so do the voids between them. Therefore, shape is the most influential element in determining spatial organization and general style. This design element refers to the thick or fine qualities of surfaces, whether it be plant foliage, flowers, bark and branching patterns, or facades, patios and walkways. Thick textures tend to dominate color and shape, so they are used to attract attention, while fine textures are used to unify compositions.

The contrasts created by the thick textures help landscape designers generate interest, while the fine textures help to exaggerate the distance, creating the feeling of a more open space. This element of design is what gives landscapes a palpable dimension. Guided by color theory, landscape color themes shape. Warm tones will make objects appear closer, while cool tones will make them feel further away.

Landscape designers use color theory to determine which color schemes fit best and how colors should be organized. The basic color schemes are monochrome, analogous and complementary. Structures, plants, and gardens represent formal and informal shapes, such as circles, squares, or organic borders, but so are the voids between them. Therefore, shape is the most influential element in determining spatial organization and overall style.

Thick textures tend to dominate color and shape, so they are used to attract attention, while fine textures are used to unify compositions. Proportion The ratio refers to the size of parts of the landscape design to each other, the landscape design as a whole, and the property, structures, and human elements. Many would say it's the variety of plant material and herbs that cover the entire yard, or the fence that seems to frame the entire landscape. There are popular focal points in the landscape, such as a large tree or flower bed, a pool or pond, and an artificial fountain or waterfalls.

Studying the landscapes of your neighborhood and community is important because most people feel more comfortable fitting in with their neighbors. Repetition doesn't always create a pattern; sometimes it's simply the repeated use of the same color, texture, or shape throughout the landscape. In exterior design, scale refers to the size ratio between garden elements and surrounding spaces. Also try to identify elements of the design, such as color, texture, and shape, and determine how the line is used in the landscape.

Unity is achieved by bringing together elements and characteristics to create a coherent character in the composition. Knowledge of the elements and principles of design is essential to designing a landscape and working through the design process. Form is found both in the harsh landscape and in plants, and is usually the dominant visual element that spatially organizes the landscape and often determines the style of the garden. The use of all the elements and principles will unite the entire landscape in a unified and functional way.

Studying how elements and principles have been applied to an existing design that appeals to you is a good starting point. . .